Production of energy vectors from the capture of CO2 emissions from the steel industry


Development of energy-efficient, economically and environmentally viable CO2 conversion technologies for the displacement of fossils fuels emission through a concept of industrial symbiosis between carbon intensive industries, power production and the local economy. The unique circular approach of this project may contribute to mitigating up to 2.4 Mt of CO2 a year.

This concept has been applied in Dunkirk, between the DK6 combined cycle power plant, Arcelor Mittal steel factory and one of the major European ports. The CO2 present in the blast furnace gas is selectively separated. This is combined with green hydrogen generated by electrolysis fed with renewable electricity to produce two promising energy carriers: dimethyl ether and formic acid.

The main technical and economic challenges faced in the C2FUEL project are high temperature electrolysis and the development of innovative production routes for the synthesis of dimethyl ether and formic acid from green H2 and the CO2 captured. The processes developed are integrated, demonstrated and validated in an industrial relevant environment and the fuels produced are tested in real systems.

European Commission

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme, under Grant Agreement No. 838014.